Quantification of the Lateral Boundary Forcing of a Regional Climate Model Using an Aging Tracer

Lucas-Picher, Philippe; Caya, Daniel; Biner, Sébastien et Laprise, René (2008). « Quantification of the Lateral Boundary Forcing of a Regional Climate Model Using an Aging Tracer ». Monthly Weather Review, 136(12), pp. 4980-4996.

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The present work introduces a new and useful tool to quantify the lateral boundary forcing of a regional climate model (RCM). This tool, an aging tracer, computes the time the air parcels spend inside the limited-area domain of an RCM. The aging tracers are initialized to zero when the air parcels enter the domain and grow older during their migrations through the domain with each time step in the integration of the model. This technique was employed in a 10-member ensemble of 10-yr (1980–89) simulations with the Canadian RCM on a large domain covering North America. The residency time is treated and archived as the other simulated meteorological variables, therefore allowing computation of its climate diagnostics. These diagnostics show that the domain-averaged residency time is shorter in winter than in summer as a result of the faster winter atmospheric circulation. The residency time decreases with increasing height above the surface because of the faster atmospheric circulation at high levels dominated by the jet stream. Within the domain, the residency time increases from west to east according to the transportation of the aging tracer with the westerly general atmospheric circulation. A linear relation is found between the spatial distribution of the internal variability—computed with the variance between the ensemble members—and residency time. This relation indicates that the residency time can be used as a quantitative indicator to estimate the level of control exerted by the lateral boundary conditions on the RCM simulations.

Type: Article de revue scientifique
Mots-clés ou Sujets: Regional models, Tracers, Ensembles
Unité d'appartenance: Faculté des sciences > Département des sciences de la Terre et de l'atmosphère
Déposé par: René Laprise
Date de dépôt: 06 avr. 2016 13:35
Dernière modification: 19 avr. 2016 18:21
Adresse URL : http://archipel.uqam.ca/id/eprint/8087


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