Senescent Cells: Dual Implications on the Retinal Vascular System

Habibi-Kavashkohie Mohammad Reza Habibi-Kavashkohi, Mohammad Reza/M.R.H.-K; Scorza, Tatiana et Oubaha, Malika (2023). « Senescent Cells: Dual Implications on the Retinal Vascular System ». Cells, 12(2341).

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Cellular senescence, a state of permanent cell cycle arrest in response to endogenous and exogenous stimuli, triggers a series of gradual alterations in structure, metabolism, and function, as well as inflammatory gene expression that nurtures a low-grade proinflammatory milieu in human tissue. A growing body of evidence indicates an accumulation of senescent neurons and blood vessels in response to stress and aging in the retina. Prolonged accumulation of senescent cells and long-term activation of stress signaling responses may lead to multiple chronic diseases, tissue dysfunction, and age-related pathologies by exposing neighboring cells to the heightened pathological senescenceassociated secretory phenotype (SASP). However, the ultimate impacts of cellular senescence on the retinal vasculopathies and retinal vascular development remain ill-defined. In this review, we first summarize the molecular players and fundamental mechanisms driving cellular senescence, as well as the beneficial implications of senescent cells in driving vital physiological processes such as embryogenesis, wound healing, and tissue regeneration. Then, the dual implications of senescent cells on the growth, hemostasis, and remodeling of retinal blood vessels are described to document how senescent cells contribute to both retinal vascular development and the severity of proliferative retinopathies. Finally, we discuss the two main senotherapeutic strategies—senolytics and senomorphics—that are being considered to safely interfere with the detrimental effects of cellular senescence.

Type: Article de revue scientifique
Mots-clés ou Sujets: cellular senescence; senescence-associated secretory phenotype (SASP); retinal vascular system; proliferative retinopathies; senotherapeutic agents
Unité d'appartenance: Faculté des sciences > Département des sciences biologiques
Déposé par: Malika Oubaha
Date de dépôt: 27 sept. 2023 08:32
Dernière modification: 27 sept. 2023 08:32
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