Fine-Scale Adaptations to Environmental Variation and Growth Strategies Drive Phyllosphere Methylobacterium Diversity

Leducq, Jean-Baptiste; Seyer-Lamontagne, Émilie; Condrain-Morel, Domitille; Bourret, Geneviève; Sneddon, David; Foster, James A.; Marx, Christopher J.; Sullivan, Jack M.; Shapiro, B. Jesse et Kembel, Steven W. (2022). « Fine-Scale Adaptations to Environmental Variation and Growth Strategies Drive Phyllosphere Methylobacterium Diversity ». mBio.

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Methylobacterium is a prevalent bacterial genus of the phyllosphere. Despite its ubiquity, little is known about the extent to which its diversity reflects neutral processes like migration and drift, versus environmental filtering of life history strategies and adaptations. In two temperate forests, we investigated how phylogenetic diversity within Methylobacterium is structured by biogeography, seasonality, and growth strategies. Using deep, culture-independent barcoded marker gene sequencing coupled with culture-based approaches, we uncovered a considerable diversity of Methylobacterium in the phyllosphere. We cultured different subsets of Methylobacterium lineages depending upon the temperature of isolation and growth (20°C or 30°C), suggesting long-term adaptation to temperature. To a lesser extent than temperature adaptation, Methylobacterium diversity was also structured across large (>100 km; between forests) and small (<1.2 km; within forests) geographical scales, among host tree species, and was dynamic over seasons. By measuring the growth of 79 isolates during different temperature treatments, we observed contrasting growth performances, with strong lineage- and season-dependent variations in growth strategies. Finally, we documented a progressive replacement of lineages with a high-yield growth strategy typical of cooperative, structured communities in favor of those characterized by rapid growth, resulting in convergence and homogenization of community structure at the end of the growing season. Together, our results show how Methylobacterium is phylogenetically structured into lineages with distinct growth strategies, which helps explain their differential abundance across regions, host tree species, and time. This work paves the way for further investigation of adaptive strategies and traits within a ubiquitous phyllosphere genus.

Type: Article de revue scientifique
Mots-clés ou Sujets: Methylobacterium, microbial ecology, phylogenetics, host-microbe, adaptation, metagenomics
Unité d'appartenance: Faculté des sciences > Département des sciences biologiques
Déposé par: Steven W. Kembel
Date de dépôt: 27 janv. 2022 10:47
Dernière modification: 27 janv. 2022 10:47
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