Day-to-day associations between sleep and physical activity: a set of person-specific analyses in adults with overweight and obesity

Chevance, Guillaume; Baretta, Dario; Romain, Ahmed Jérôme; Godino, Job G. et Bernard, Paquito (2021). « Day-to-day associations between sleep and physical activity: a set of person-specific analyses in adults with overweight and obesity ». Journal of Behavioral Medicine.

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Résumé

The objective of the present study was to estimate whether physical activity (i.e., step counts) on one day was associated with both sleep quality (i.e., sleep efficiency) and quantity (i.e., total sleep time) the following night and to examine to what extent sleep on one night was associated with physical activity the next day. We collected data continuously with a Fitbit Charge 3 among 33 young adults with overweight and obesity participating to a weight management program. A total of 7094 days and nights were analyzed (215 days on average per participants). Person-specific models (i.e., participants were not pooled together) were conducted to test the bi-directional associations for each participant separately. Results from linear regressions and Generalized Additive Models (GAMs) were compared to account for potential non-linearities in associations. Results suggest an absence of association between steps and sleep efficiency in the two directions for most participants [i.e., these associations were not significant for 31 (94%) and 32 (97%) of the participants]. More heterogeneous results were observed for the association between steps and total sleep time, with 19 participants (58%) showing a negative association between total sleep time and next day steps, and 9 (27%) showing a negative association between steps and next day total sleep time (results of the linear regressions). Taken together, these results suggest a potential conflicting association between total sleep time and physical activity in the daily lives of young adults with overweight and obesity.

Type: Article de revue scientifique
Mots-clés ou Sujets: sleep, physical activity
Unité d'appartenance: Faculté des sciences > Département de kinanthropologie
Déposé par: Paquito Bernard
Date de dépôt: 08 oct. 2021 09:39
Dernière modification: 08 oct. 2021 09:39
Adresse URL : http://archipel.uqam.ca/id/eprint/14696

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