Stratigraphic setting and timing of the Montagne d’Or deposit, a unique Rhyacian Au-rich VMS deposit of the Guiana Shield, French Guiana

Guiraud, James; Tremblay, Alain; Jébrak, Michel; Ross, Pierre-Simon et Lefrançois, Rock (2020). « Stratigraphic setting and timing of the Montagne d’Or deposit, a unique Rhyacian Au-rich VMS deposit of the Guiana Shield, French Guiana ». Precambrian Research, 337(105551).

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In French Guiana, the Montagne d’Or gold deposit (5 Moz at 1.5 g/t Au) is located in the northern branch of the Rhyacian Paramaca Greenstone Belt. The sulphide deposit is hosted by a south-facing bimodal volcanic and volcaniclastic sequence that is highly strained and affected by a penetrative E-W striking and steeply southdipping foliation. The volcanic sequence is composed of three members, (1) the Lower unit in the stratigraphic footwall, (2) a bimodal mafic-felsic formation hosting the orebody, and (3) the Upper sedimentary and volcanic rocks unit in the stratigraphic hanging-wall. The bimodal formation is dominated by calc-alkaline felsic volcanic rocks in the west, interbedded/interdigitated with tholeiitic mafic rocks in the east. Pillowed mafic flows and graded-bedded felsic volcaniclastic rocks collectively indicate effusive to explosive volcanic activity in a submarine environment. The mineralization consists of thick and laterally extensive sulphide zones forming (1) stratiform sulphide disseminations, (2) structurally-transposed stringer stockworks, and (3) thin layers of deformed semi-massive sulphides. The gold-rich sulphide mineralization consists mainly of pyrite, pyrrhotite and chalcopyrite with minor sphalerite, magnetite, galena and arsenopyrite, hosted by chlorite-sericite-rich alteration zones mainly developed in the felsic tuff facies. U-Pb zircon geochronology shows that most of the Montagne d’Or volcanic and intrusive sequence has crystallized during a multi-cycle magmatic event, from ca. 2152 Ma to ca. 2130 Ma. A porphyry intrusion crosscutting the ore yields a U-Pb zircon age of 2117.6 ± 5.1 Ma, hence constraining a minimum age for the auriferous sulphide mineralization. This also indicates that the sulphide mineralization was coeval with arc magmatism, demonstrating the volcanogenic nature of the Montagne d’Or gold deposit.

Type: Article de revue scientifique
Mots-clés ou Sujets: French Guyane, Ore deposit, Gold, Precambrian
Unité d'appartenance: Faculté des sciences > Département des sciences de la Terre et de l'atmosphère
Déposé par: Michel Jébrak
Date de dépôt: 09 août 2021 08:24
Dernière modification: 09 août 2021 08:24
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