Converging perspectives on the relationship between language and action

Frak, Victor et Cohen, Henri (2021). « Converging perspectives on the relationship between language and action », dans Special Issue on Functional links between language and motor activity, sous la dir. de Frak, Victor et Cohen, Henri. Amsterdam, Elsevier.

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In this special issue on the functional links between language and action, researchers from allied disciplines in neuroscience, linguistics, computer science and psychology, using a wide array of approaches and methods with healthy and clinical populations highlight the salient features of that complex relationship. They offer contributions drawing on behavioral, cerebral imagery, surgery, direct as well as non-invasive electric stimulation of unusual corticospinal structures, modulation of force, computational models, learning and pedagogical perspectives, virtual reality and cultural techniques. The participants in these studies also cover a wide range and include, in addition to healthy adults, ad- olescents and children, people with stroke or with Parkinson’s disease, or with gliomas. The special contributions all converge on the important role played by the sensorimotor cortex (SMC) in language, in different modalities and with different languages. This convergence reveals the distributed and parallel nature of networks that are working with the SMC and with other brain areas classically related to language. It suggests new lines of thinking about linguistic activity; it also opens new perspectives in both fundamental and therapeutic endeavors with the objective of furthering our reflections and knowledge about the interaction between motor and linguistic activity (see also Argiris et al., 2020) One particular characteristic of the works included in this special issue is how afferences can modify the connectome. It has largely been assumed that neuronal connections are stable once formed. Some of the papers reveal how the primary somesthetic area, for example, is linked to linguistic activity and suggest that the connections may undergo rewiring — and language-dependent plasticity. Also, the papers in this special issue converge on the notion that the sensorimotor space enables a place of recurrent interactions with the environment in which the couplings and coordination that make up language occur. Interestingly, this conceptualization had already been proposed by Maturana and Varela (1992) when they argued that the only world we can have is the one we create together through the actions of our coexistence; they called it enactivism.

Type: Chapitre de livre
Mots-clés ou Sujets: Enactivism.Connectome.Cross-cultural. Sensorimotor recruitment
Unité d'appartenance: Faculté des sciences
Déposé par: Victor Frak
Date de dépôt: 22 mars 2021 09:15
Dernière modification: 18 avr. 2021 23:10
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