Action verbs drive motor activity in adolescents but not in children

Frak, Victor; Labrecque, David et Cohen, Henri (2021). « Action verbs drive motor activity in adolescents but not in children ». Brain and Cognition, 148.

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In adults, grip force has reliably been used to investigate motor simulation evoked by linguistic action, suggesting that motor phenomena are linked to semantic action. The parietal and frontal lobes and their connexions are essential neural structures for pragmatic aspects of hand semantic action. In this perspective, the aim of the study was to determine the extent to which two groups of children and adolescents, classically characterized by degree of axonal myelination in fronto-parietal circuits, monitored the occurrence of nouns and manual action verbs presented auditorily while holding a grip force sensor. Differential effects of grip force were seen only in the adolescents when monitoring action verbs. Interestingly, weaker effects of grip force were modulated by noun targets only in the younger children, revealing that the ability to profit from a full semantic representation of verbs is not clearly established in the younger children. Grip force modulation was observed as early as 300 ms post target onset and peaked at the 500–750 ms window of observation for both groups. These group differences are in line with the motor simulation difficulties seen in younger children. The results may also indicate that degree of grip force in response to specific linguistic categories parallels the maturation of the parietal-frontal circuits, including the anterior intra-parietal area which plays a determining role in semantic aspects of hand action.

Type: Article de revue scientifique
Mots-clés ou Sujets: Motor resonance circuits Fronto-parietal Anterior intra-parietal area Development Maturation Action verbs Linguistic action
Unité d'appartenance: Faculté des sciences
Déposé par: Victor Frak
Date de dépôt: 08 janv. 2021 12:32
Dernière modification: 08 janv. 2021 12:32
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