Acylated Ghrelin and The Regulation of Lipid Metabolism in The Intestine.

Auclair, Nickolas; Patey, Natacha; Melbouci, Lilya; Ou, Ya; Magri-Tomaz, Luciane; Sané, Alain; Garofalo, Carole; Levy, Emile et St-Pierre, David H (2019). « Acylated Ghrelin and The Regulation of Lipid Metabolism in The Intestine. ». Scientific Reports, 9(17975), pp. 1-13.

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Acylated ghrelin (AG) is a gastrointestinal (GI) peptide mainly secreted by the stomach that promotes cytosolic lipid droplets (CLD) hypertrophy in adipose tissues and liver. However, the role of AG in the regulation of lipid metabolism in the intestine remains unexplored. This study aimed at determining whether AG influences CLD production and chylomicron (CM) secretion in the intestine. The effects of AG and oleic acid on CLD accumulation and CM secretion were first investigated in cultured Caco-2/15 enterocytes. Intestinal lipid metabolism was also studied in Syrian Golden Hamsters submitted to conventional (CD) or Western (WD) diets for 8 weeks and continuously administered with AG or physiological saline for the ultimate 2 weeks. In cultured Caco-2/15 enterocytes, CLD accumulation influenced CM secretion while AG reduced fatty acid uptake. In WD hamsters, continuous AG treatment amplified chylomicron output while reducing postprandial CLD accumulation in the intestine. The present study supports the intimate relationship between CLD accumulation and CM secretion in the intestine and it underlines the importance of further characterizing the mechanisms through which AG exerts its effects on lipid metabolism in the intestine.

Type: Article de revue scientifique
Mots-clés ou Sujets: ghrelin, intestine, lipid metabolism, lipoprotein, liver
Unité d'appartenance: Faculté des sciences > Département des sciences de l'activité physique
Déposé par: David H. St-Pierre
Date de dépôt: 09 déc. 2019 08:27
Dernière modification: 29 nov. 2020 00:10
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