“grand froit — ungeheure kelte — frigitas magna”. How Cold Was Experienced and Described in the 1430s, One of the Coldest Decades of the Last Millennium

Camenisch, Chantal (2018). « “grand froit — ungeheure kelte — frigitas magna”. How Cold Was Experienced and Described in the 1430s, One of the Coldest Decades of the Last Millennium », dans Le froid. Adaptation, production, effets, représentations, sous la dir. de Chartier, Daniel et Borm, Jan. Québec, Presses de l'Université du Québec, coll. «Droit au Pôle », pp. 33-44.

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Résumé

During the 1430s, Europe experienced a sequence of unusually cold winters. Medieval narrative texts of that era contain a detailed account of the temperatures and their consequences for nature, economy and society. The contents of the authors’ writings indicated that people experienced extraordinary cold, such cold temperatures causing serious damage to humans, animals and plants. In the medieval chronicles the impact of these low temperatures are mentioned in some detail. Of significance are the reported freezing of several water bodies. This information can be used to classify the intensity of cold in the reported winter seasons. However, ice drifts and ice-covered waterways might have damaged infrastructure, disrupted transportation routes and disturbed trade. Nevertheless, the cold was not only experienced as a threat, as people also enjoyed building snow houses, towers and animals.

Type: Chapitre de livre
Mots-clés ou Sujets: Froid, Cold, Hiver, Winter, Hivernité, Nordicité, Imaginaire du Nord, Histoire, History, 15e siècle, 15th century, Europe, Middle Ages, Moyen-âge, Littérature, Literature, Nature, Histoire du froid, Cold history, Snow, Neige
Unité d'appartenance: Faculté des arts > Chaire de recherche sur l’imaginaire du Nord, de l’hiver et de l’Arctique
Déposé par: Daniel Chartier
Date de dépôt: 06 août 2018 08:27
Dernière modification: 06 août 2018 08:27
Adresse URL : http://archipel.uqam.ca/id/eprint/11510

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