International comparisons : analysis of trends and issues from the International grantmaking sector

Lajevardi, Nazita; Rigillo, Nicole; Rabinowitz-Bussell, Mirle et Stauch, James (2015). International comparisons : analysis of trends and issues from the International grantmaking sector. Université du Québec à Montréal, Laboratoire montréalais de recherche sur la philanthropie canadienne (PhiLab), Montréal, Québec, Working Paper, no 5, 34 p.

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This literature review seeks to contextualize the Canadian foundation grantmaking milieu with respect to international examples, with particular reference to social innovation. It provides an overview of comparative contexts that either (1) resemble Canada or (2) are distinguishable from it, to generate a set of best practices relating to investments in social innovation by grantmaking foundations – both through grants to other organizations and via direct programming. In order to highlight a diverse range of socially innovative forms and practices, we examine best practices in grantmaking in two broad contexts : First, in three countries that share a similar history and institutional landscape with Canada (United States, United Kingdom, New Zealand), and second, in three countries where grantmaking has developed along very different historical trajectories and where it has taken on different institutional forms. France, Sweden and Italy are home to unique foundation forms and grantmaking practices that differ in the services they provide, the laws that give rise to their respective organizations, and the core principles that shape their practices. The review is divided into three parts. In the introduction, we provide a context for our review, define grantmaking in the two broad contexts described above, and offer a definition of social innovation broad enough to capture these diverse contexts and approaches. In part 1, we describe the institutional forms and structure that grantmaking takes in the countries selected in our review, asking which of these forms can reasonably and usefully be extended to the Canadian context. Here we also touch on various features such as sector size, history, culture, assets, legal barriers, and international grantmaking, and explain the basis upon which countries are grouped together as similar or dissimilar. Part 2 examines social innovation in grantmaking through the use of individual country case studies that illustrate how grant-makers are applying novel techniques and strategies of grantmaking with the intention of having a greater social impact. This includes consideration of strategies such as using alternative community finance or investment models, scaling up programming, collaboration, pooled grants, cross-sector partnerships, technology and data sharing, the use of impact metrics, and/or grantmaking across international borders.

Type: Rapport de recherche
Mots-clés ou Sujets: Fondations / Innovation sociale / Canada / États-Unis / Royaume-Uni / Nouvelle-Zélande / France / Suède / Italie
Unité d'appartenance: Faculté des sciences humaines > Laboratoire montréalais de recherche sur la philanthropie canadienne
Déposé par: Service des bibliothèques
Date de dépôt: 06 avr. 2018 13:20
Dernière modification: 06 avr. 2018 13:20
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