The Gender-Equal North. Icelandic Images of Femininity and Mascilinity

Thórvaldsdóttir, Thorgerdur H. (2011). « The Gender-Equal North. Icelandic Images of Femininity and Mascilinity », dans Iceland and Images of the North, sous la dir. de Isleifsson, Sumarlidi R. et Chartier, Daniel. Québec, Presses de l'Université du Québec, coll. «Droit au pôle », pp. 405-434.

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This article explores the somewhat imaginary notion of the gender-equal North that signifies a crucial element of national identity in the Nordic countries. Attributes of this are various attempts to export the Nordic gender equality model. One of its trademarks is the notion of the “decent” Nordic man or the caring father, but a negative spin-off is the growing division between “us—the Nordic” and “gender- unequal immigrants.” I then focus on Iceland, where I propose a three-phase timescale based on prevalent but often contradictory gender images and correlated discourses on equality from the 1970s to the present. I name the period from 1970 to 1999 “a women’s/feminist era,” during which Iceland made some noteworthy contributions in terms of women’s empowerment that attracted international attention. I label the era from 2000 to October 2008 “the era of masculinities.” Its defining features are two conflicting images of masculinity: the caring father and the risk-taking “Business Viking.” As for the period from post-October 2008 and the economic crash to the present, it is tricky to pick a defining label. In terms of visible gender images, it is nevertheless tempting to pinpoint the nation’s most prominent figure, i.e., Iceland’s prime minister, a lesbian woman in her sixties, so maybe this could be termed an “intersectional era.”

Type: Chapitre de livre
Mots-clés ou Sujets: Gender Equality, Femininity, Mascilinity, Iceland, Feminism, North, Arctic, Nordic countries, Égalité des sexes, Féminité, Masculinité, Islande, Féminisme, Nord, Arctique, Scandinavie, Nordicité, Nordicity, Immigration, Queer, Politique, Politics
Unité d'appartenance: Faculté des arts > Laboratoire international de recherche sur l'imaginaire du Nord, de l'hiver et de l'Arctique
Déposé par: Daniel Chartier
Date de dépôt: 04 oct. 2017 08:10
Dernière modification: 04 oct. 2017 08:10
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